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Трансформация сектора удобрений для защиты здоровья человека и планеты (обзор)

Вера Фроловна Козловская

Аннотация


Инновационные удобрения и технологии их применения (ИУТП) необходимы, чтобы решать сложные и взаимосвязанные продовольственные, сельскохозяйственные и экологические проблемы, стоящие перед человечеством и планетой. ИУТП определяется как набор удобрений и технологий, который разработан с учетом физиологических потребностей растения (такие как поглощение, перераспределение и использование питательных веществ) в качестве исходной точки процесса разработки удобрений. Этот подход направлен на своевременную и целенаправленную доставку питательных веществ в сбалансированных количествах. Предполагается, что названный подход может привести к повышению и пластичности урожайности, улучшению качества питания, снижению выбросов парниковых газов и потерь от выщелачивания. Основной проблемой для оптимального использования ИУТП является трансформация удобрений посредством вмешательства государственной политики, социальных мер и значительных инвестиций в государственные и частные исследования и разработки.

Ключевые слова


сектор удобрений; питание человека; инновационные удобрения; нанотехнологии; здоровье растений

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Литература


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30906/1999-5636-2020-9-40-46

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